During his senior year there, he failed his classes and dropped out to join the air force. Baraka later settled in New York after his dishonorable discharge. Also, he married a white writer named Hattie Roberta Coben.
During 1966, he moved back to Newark and married a melanated woman, had five children and organized Spirit House. He changed his name to Imamu Amiri Baraka and became Muslim.
In his essay, "Malcolm as Ideology," he criticizes Spike Lee, middle class black people, white politicians and everything that ruined Malcolm X's life, in addition to his leadership.
He discussed Malcolm X as a figure of ideological development and change. He also spoke about how Malcolm's life was shaped by both. Furthermore, Baraka spoke about Malcolm X stating "Ballot or Bullet" and why electing black officials into office in most cases makes them obsolete (e.g., they become colored "public servants" controlled by big business and politics).
Baraka then spoke about how "Ballot or Bullet" is a call for self-determination as a function of a unified political struggle rather than the "independence."
According to Baraka, Malcolm X became the principal spokesperson of the black struggle for self-determination and doomed himself for assassination. He expressed that Malcolm X was the leading force of the struggle for Afro-American Self-Determination and it is fact, in addition to a matter of ideology.
Thank you for your work Amiri Baraka. HBD!