He contributed to the black cultural awakening of the Harlem Renaissance during the 1920s; he gave speeches, produced writings and provided leadership as a pathway to pride in black culture, black history and the black beauty of Africa itself.
Garvey was unmatched in his influence, persuading millions of black folk to support his vision of reclaiming their black pride via reclaiming Africa.
He was born in Jamaica and was already politically active when he came to the United States of America in his late twenties.
He once studied law in London then traveled and worked in Central and South America, later returning to Jamaica to establish a political organization, which attempted to curtail the exploitation of black people.
In 1916, Garvey sailed to the United States of America because he did not obtain the success he wanted, then he organized the Universal Negro Improvement and Conservation Association (UNLA) in the following year.
As Garvey's followership grew in mass number, so did his plans, principles and even his appearance, which antagonized some black leaders, who challenged and denounced his rejection of integration.
Consecutively, financial problems within UNLA's Black Star Line (i.e., ships purchased and overhauled to take black people back to Africa), along with continued scrutiny by the Department of Justice, began to eradicate the foundation of Garvey's vision.
He was convicted of mail fraud and sentenced to five years in prison during 1925. However; the term was commuted, and Garvey was deported in 1927.
Outside the United States of America, Garvey continued to make public appearances in travel but he was unable to maintain a cohesive organization.
During the mid-1930s, he finally settled in London, living there until he died in 1940.
In 1923 and in 1926, two volumes of Garvey speeches and writings were collected and edited by his wife, Amy Jacques Garvey:
The volumes were re-printed in 1967 as one book by the same title, which is provided via audio below.
In "An Appeal to the Conscience of the Black Race to See Itself," Garvey called for black pride and unity: